As with people, puppies are like their parents. The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree. Well-socialized dogs are more likely to produce well-socialized puppies. Pups mirror their mother’s attitude. However an owner’s role is important. Petting him, talking and playing with him will develop good people skills.Puppies are usually weaned at 6-7 weeks of age. At this time they are learning important skills form their mother. She gradually leaves them for longer periods of time. Puppies should stay with their littermates for at least 8 weeks, and should be exposed to other role model dogs until they are at least 12 weeks of age. If puppies are separated too early from their littermates or mother, they will fail to develop social skills. Puppies learn to send and receive signals form other dogs as they play and wrestle with their littermates. Playing produces physical coordination and proper social skills. By interacting with each other, dogs decide who is in charge. By staying with their mother and littermates longer they are more likely to develop these skill. If these skills are not learned in the first 8 weeks, they may be lost forever. This is why it is important for them to stay with their mother and littermates. These stages are important and need to be consistent. A dog’s mind is receptive to learning through puppyhood, however most dogs are still puppies, in mind and body, for the first two years of life.
Birth to two weeks; Neonatal period
The puppy is most influenced by his mother. Senses of touch and taste are present at birth
Two to four weeks; transitional period
The puppy is most influenced by his mother and littermates. His eyes open, teeth begin to come in, and his senses of hearing and smell develop. The pup begins to stand, walk a little, wag his tail and bark. By the fourth or fifth week; eyesight is well developed.
Three to twelve weeks; socialization period
During this period, puppies need opportunities to meet other dogs and people.By 3 to5 weeks; the puppy becomes aware of his surroundings, companions (both canine and human), and relationships.At 4 to 6 weeks; the puppy is most influenced by littermates and is learning about being a dog.Form 4 to 12 weeks; puppies remain influenced by littermates and are also influenced by people. Puppies learn to play, develop social skills, and learn the inhibited bite. Puppies explore social ranking and improve physical coordination.At 5 to 7 weeks; the puppy develops curiosity and explores. The pup needs ‘positive’ people experiences during this time.By 7 to 9 weeks the puppy is refining his physical skills and coordination, and can begin to be housetrained. The pup has full use of his senses.By 8 to 10 weeks; the pup experiences real fear involving normal objects and incounters; the puppy needs positive training during this time.
By 9 to 12 weeks; the puppy is refining reactions, developing appropriate interactions, and experiences the environment and objects. Your puppy begins to focus on people; this is a good time to begin training.
Three to six months; Ranking period
The puppy is most influenced by ‘’playmates,’’ which may now include those of other species. The puppy begins to see and use ranking (dominance and submission) within the household; including humans. The puppy begins teething and chewing. Around 4 month of age, the puppy experiences another fear stage.
Six to eighteen months; adolescence
The puppy is most influenced by human and dog ‘’pack’’ members. At seven to 18 months; he goes through a second chewing phase, which is part of exploring his territory. The puppy increases experiences of dominance, including challenging humans. If not spayed, or neutered, your puppy will begin to experience the beginnings of sexual behavior.